Sunday, January 12, 2020

Learning Experiences Essay

The value of education undoubtedly depends on the purpose behind it. Activities also give the child new abilities, and allow him/her to discover abilities never known to have existed before, or strengthen skills that naturally exist in any human being. When a child is born, the child learns by interacting with the world around him/her, and this is the foundation for building the child’s intellectually abilities as well as the child’s personality, emotionally and socially (Mahapatra, 2009). This paper focuses on the learning experiences that a child acquires from various activities, as dictated by the child’s age. In this study, there are 5 age groups that would be considered. The first stage is the stage of ‘younger babies, the ‘older babies,’ the ‘toddler stage,’ the ‘kindy stage,’ and the last stage, the ‘preschoolers. ’ In this paper, the researcher would like to discuss the teaching strategies to be used, including all the considerations to be involved when it comes to teaching organisation. Young babies †¢ Young babies are children whose age is categorized as babies who are of 6 months old from the time when they are born. †¢ During this stage, the baby shall learn basic activities such as learning to sit on his/her own and learning to explore the world using his/her hands. Other senses are also at play since the child is naturally curious about the world and will use his/her sense to learn. At this stage, babies tend to use their mouths as well to explore things, which is why it is important that they be given toys that are not hazardous and will not cause choking. Some toys have been specifically designed for a baby’s learning purpose and these toys are safe to be kept in the mouth. †¢ Activities that can benefit a child’s learning experience can be aided by toys. Learning resources can start with toys that can be placed in the child’s crib, such as colourful mobiles, as well as toys that can be squeezed, such as musical toys. Other toys can be toys that require the child to use his/her body muscles to push and pull, in order to stimulate the child’s grabbing and grasping skills (Henig, 2008). †¢ As a teacher, it is important that the child be given materials to encourage him/her to be aware of his/her senses, what they are for and how to use them. For instance, the child can be given a musical ball, which the child has to squeeze in order for sounds to be heard. †¢ The learning experience of the child can be evaluated by the kinds of toys that stimulates the child’s brain. For instance, the teacher or the caregiver can provide a variety of toys for the child to play with, and depending on what toy the child picks up the most, the teacher can decide what toy appeals more to the child. If the child picks up the musical toy more often, it means that the sound that the ball makes appeals to the child’s senses. Older Babies †¢ Older babies are approximately aged from 6 to 15 months. †¢ At this stage, babies are able to develop their problem solving skills as they continue learning about a variety of new objects. They are also more able to understand people, and at this stage, the child starts to constantly seek for independence, and they try to develop their own self-esteem. Toys are also more played with, since the child starts to learn how to play ‘properly. ’ For instance, when a child is given toy blocks, or toys such as Lego, the child is actually able to build ‘something’ out of these blocks. In addition to this, the child is also more curious, so providing the child with a play area complete with swings, slides and other play structures encourages active play. †¢ Activities that could be advised for a child of this stage could be providing a child with a puzzle to complete. The teacher could provide the child with a cardboard jigsaw puzzle where the child has to form the pieces together in order to make a picture. This activity helps stimulates mind activity in the child, while wooden puzzles also stimulate sensory discrimination as well as the development of the child’s eyes and hands. An environment such as a playground could give the child enough room to set up his/her own dramatic scene, along with his/her own playmates. The teacher can provide the child with materials such as costumes in order for the child to be more creative in role playing. †¢ The teacher’s responsibility at this point is just to observe the child’s activities and not to actually help the child to do the right thing. This way, the child can have more freedom to express himself/ herself. Toddlers †¢ Toddlers are aged from 15 to 36 months. †¢ At this stage, toddlers are fascinated by household objects, the different shapes of objects and their textures. It is also at this stage where the toddler’s motor skills develop at a fast rate, and this is the stage where the greatest changes in a child’s life and the child’s mind happens. Furthermore, the child is able to express himself/herself more (University of Georgia, 2007). †¢ For this stage, the teacher can coordinate an activity that allows the child to use his sense of sound better, while also developing the child’s creativity level at a faster rate. The teacher could create a fun experience for the toddler by allowing the child to use a variety of cooking utensils for the child to play with. Pots, pans, and cans can be used, and the child can be given wooden utensils so he/she can make a personalized instrument and bang the items together to make his/her own rhythm. A rhythm game can also be played where the teacher can play a certain rhythm and have the child copy it and repeat it accordingly (Tomlinson, 2008). †¢ This activity stimulates the child’s response to sounds, and the teacher can begin to teach the child new words such as ‘beat,’ or ‘drum,’ to talk about the activity itself, or the teacher can teach the child descriptive words to allow the child to express his/her feelings while performing the activity. At this stage, the teacher helps the child be more familiar with shapes, textures, smells and even taste. Kindy Stage †¢ This stage is concerned with kids who are aged approximately 36 to 52 months. †¢ This is the kindergarten stage, where the child has begun to talk, sing and dance. This is also the stage where the child is supposed to be taught how to read since the child can already understand some concepts about the world. Children at this stage may start to struggle at first with reading. Therefore it is advised that the teacher or the caregiver read to the child every day. This way, the child can begin to realize that reading is a fun activity, and the child is also able to use his/her imagination as the adult reads to him/her. †¢ Learning how to read starts with a child’s ears. An activity that a teacher can do for the child would be to read a story to the child and to ask the child questions regarding the story. For instance, after reading a story about animals, the teacher can use the help of pictures with animals on them, as well as cards containing the names of these animals. The child’s task is to attach each word card to the picture it corresponds with. †¢ This way, the child is able to be familiarize himself/herself with new vocabulary, new situations and experiences, and the child can even match what he/she learns from reading to what he/she sees, hears, touches, and taste in real life (Cooper & Cooper, 2008). Preschoolers †¢ Preschoolers are from the age of 48 to 52 months old. †¢ At this stage, children can recall concepts easier, and also familiar words. They can also understand new words and new concepts better and can understand the meanings of basic words such as ‘over,’ and ‘under’ (Child Development Institute, LLC, 2008). When it comes to mathematical concepts such as addition and subtraction, there exists a pervasive relationship between a child’s understanding and the child’s procedural skills. Procedural knowledge refers to the child’s skills that are required in order to solve mathematical problems. †¢ For this stage, the teacher can do an activity by using materials such as marbles. The teacher can lay out the marbles on the ground and ask the child to count them. The teacher can then take away a number of these marbles and ask the child to count the marbles again. This way, the child can understand the meaning of subtraction, while the teacher can teach addition by adding more marbles to the pile and asking the student to count them. The teacher can first demonstrate how it is done first so that the child can easily follow. †¢ Such an activity helps the child to clearly understand the meaning of both addition and subtraction, as well as helping him/her to recite the numbers more often. This way, the child is also made familiar with more numbers. †¢ The teacher’s duty is to ensure that the child is able to count properly, as well as add properly and subtract properly. Previous stages allowed the child to have the freedom to perform in any way the child wants. At this age, however, the teacher should introduce the child to correct mathematical concepts so the child is able to retain in his/her mind such information (Geary et al. 2000) †¢ Such mathematical drills should be performed time and time again so that the child will not easily forget. The teacher can evaluate the child’s performance by repeating the exercise again and again, giving way for the child to make mistakes. For all the activities mentioned, it would help the teacher as well to use the reward system when a child performs well. This is especially advised for children who may be stubborn and require a little ‘pushing’ in order to perform accordingly or better. It must also be noted that children cannot be expected to learn quickly so the teacher must be patient and should help the child do so (Fendrich et al. 1993) References Child Development Institute, LLC. 2008. Language development in children, on January 15 2009, from http://www. shtml Cooper, T. & Cooper, S. (2009) Teaching reading: Part One, retrieved on January 15 2009 from http://www. teaching-children-to-read. net/ Fendrich, D. W, Healy, A & Bourne, L (1993) Mental arithmetic: Training and retention of multiplication skill, Cognitive Psychology Applied, pp. 116-133. Geary, D, Hamson, C & Hoard, M (2000) Numerical and arithmetical cognition: A longitudinal study of process and concept deficits in children with learning disability, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 77, pp. 236-263. Henig, R. (Februaru 17 2008) Taking play seriously, New York Times Magazine, p. 38. Mahapatra, A. (January 11 2009) Activity leads to learning, The Hindu. Tomlinson, P. (2008) Psychological theory and pedagogical effectiveness: The learning promotion potential network, British Journal of Educational Psychology, 78, pp. 507-526. University of Georgia (2007) Learning and development: infants birth to 12 months. Better Brains for Babies, retrieved January 15, 2009 from http://www. fcs. uga. edu/bbbgeorgia/childDev_00-12. php

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Geography of Pakistans Provinces and Capital Territory

Pakistan is a country located in the Middle East near the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. The country is known as having the sixth largest population in the world and the second largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia, is a developing nation with an underdeveloped economy and it has a hot desert climate combined with cold mountainous areas. Most recently, Pakistan has experienced severe flooding that has displaced millions and destroyed a large part of its infrastructure. The country of Pakistan is divided into four provinces and one capital territory for local administration (as well as several federally administered tribal areas). The following is a list of Pakistans provinces and territory, arranged by land area. For reference, population and capital cities have also been included. Capital Territory 1) Islamabad Capital Territory Land Area: 906 sq kmPopulation: 805,235Capital: Islamabad Provinces 1) Balochistan Land Area: 347,190 sq kmPopulation: 6,565,885Capital: Quetta 2) Punjab Land Area: 205,345 sq kmPopulation: 73,621,290Capital: Lahore 3) Sindh Land Area: 140,914 sq kmPopulation: 30,439,893Capital: Karachi 4) Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Land Area: 74,521 sq kmPopulation: 17,743,645Capital: Peshawar Sources Central Intelligence Agency. (19 August 2010). CIA - The World Factbook - Pakistan. Retrieved from: (14 August 2010). Administrative Units of Pakistan - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from:

Friday, December 27, 2019

Invention of Paper in China - 5180 Words

The Invention of Paper in China Introduction Have you ever thought what life would be like without paper? Have you ever considered how many uses there are for paper? What about who came up with the idea for paper and where paper came from? Paper is one of those objects that we just take for granted. For our lifetimes it has always been around. We have never knows what it would be like to have to document something on anything but paper. Prior to the invention of paper, what was used to record information? If you have ever asked yourselves those questions, we have the answers. Fortunately, for us, we know that the Chinese invented the method of creating paper back around 105 A.D. Since then paper has been utilized for many†¦show more content†¦(The Education System, 2011). Religion in China has many forms. Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam can all be found in China. Traditionally, Communists consider religious practices anti-socialist and due to this many centers of worship were forced to close and religious leaders were persecuted before and during the Cultural Revolution which occurred between 1966 and 1977. Today, people have more religious freedom but in general, the Chinese government keeps a close watch on their activities. (Chinese Cultural Studies, 2011). Today, China is considered a newer player in the high-tech industry. China has transitioned from being a labor-intensive country to being an emerging leader in innovation. Much of this can be attributed to the support of the Chinese Government which has provided incentives to encourage companies to innovate while discouraging low-end manufacturers from operating in many parts of the country. Due to the shift in focus from low-cost manufacturing to innovation, it is expected that the need to find alternate sources to produce products traditionally produced in China could cause the prices of such items to rise across the globe. (Barboza, 2008). History of paper When paper was first created, it was used to record important events and data. However, paper has not been around forever so before paper the turtle shell, animal bone, golden stone, bamboo slips, wood and cloth were used for recording data andShow MoreRelatedEssay1115 Words   |  5 PagesSince china is seeing a rapid economic development in the past few decades, we have also heard about the environmental and other issues related to the development of the country. Since I came to china for study, I got the opportunity to learn more about the success of china’s economic development as well as the negative externalities of the development and also the problem related to higher population. 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Thursday, December 19, 2019

An Internship At Aircon Engineering - 3933 Words

During the summer semester of 2015, I was given the extraordinary opportunity of completing an internship at Aircon Engineering in Cumberland, Maryland. Deciding which internships I wanted to apply for was difficult. There was a few criteria that I was looking for. First of all, I wanted an internship that would apply to my major in business administration. Secondly, I wanted to work for a small company or a company that operates like a small company. I thought working for a large company would be too stressful given that this was my first experience in a â€Å"real† job. Lastly, I wanted a work environment that was flexible and desirable. To depict those qualities about a company I had to research their websites. I explored each†¦show more content†¦Their mission is very thorough and to the point. The first part of their mission is to handle their sales and transactions effectively and efficiently with as little problems as possible. Since no company is perfe ct there are always some problems that arise. Whenever a problem does occur the employees at Aircon team up to solve it together, and I believe that that drives them to do better in the future. The last, and most important, part of their mission is to leave their customers 100% satisfied and wanting to come back. Although Aircon is not a nationwide company they do distribute abounding items to many areas in the region. The majority of those areas are Western Maryland, Central Pennsylvania, Northern Virginia and the Eastern panhandle of West Virginia. They stock and sell a lot of parts and equipment. The majority is parts for heaters and air conditioners, and also the heater and air conditioner units. Some of the brands that they sell are York, Honeywell, Wirsbo, Mitsubishi Electric, Source 1 Service parts, Bosch and many more. They are currently in the midst of purchasing another building and warehouse near Altoona, Pennsylvania that will be another branch of the company. Aircon has a friendly and hardworking staff. The staff includes Engineers, sales persons, warranty and service personnel, delivery drivers, a marketing specialist and a full accounting

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Multinational Organization-Free-Samples for Students Myassignment

Question: Discuss about the Multinational Organization. Answer: Introduction The aim of the topic is to state about a multinational organization which carries out operations in different countries such as Australia, India, Oman and other countries. However problem lies in the fact that the manufacturers of the organization which distribute the equipments of agriculture to the international and local clients, faces communication problem. In total, the organization has 8000 employees in the five countries, yet the company is facing certain business communication problems. The challenges that the company is facing are about timely communication to all the clients and staffs, the breakdown in the communication from the top management and staff, front line manager and vice verse. There are also feedbacks from the clients to bring improvements in the quality of the product and also the proper understanding of the local language. There are also lacks of development in the literacy of digital and in some of the countries with the using of social media by not able to communicate properly. Therefore, in this regard, it is important to point out the strategies which can be carried out by the organization to the different employees and the ways should be adopted to find out the relevant ways to interact with the people as well. In this regard, the different organizations communication procedures would act as a boosting effect to the this multinational organization which would also further help out to remove the communication obstacles and remove them accordingly. Good practices There are certain good practices which are practiced by the other organizations in terms of carrying out the effective means of communication (Shokley, 2014; Miller Barbour, 2014). There are certain organizations such as Crown Resorts and Bilabong which are the multinational companies of Australia who practices this effective means of communication (Rajhans, 2012). Crown resort multinational organization follows certain effective means of communication through the usage of proper video conferencing to the staffs and this also helpful to communicate the staffs from the top management (Goetsch et al., 2014; Richmond, McCroskey Powell, 2012; Dasgupta et al. 2012) The same process is followed by Bilabong organization. These organizations also follow electrical methods such as contacting the employees via sending email which further improves the communication and helps to overcome the obstacles between the head office and the employees (Eisenberg, Goodall Tretheway, 2013). The companies also handle the customers who have less knowledge in the field of technology. Crown Resort uses acronyms and also they make sure that they identify the acronyms properly (Knapp, Vangelisti Caughlin, 2014; Ulmer et al 2013; Evans et al 2017). Both the organizations have branches in the different countries with maximum digital literacy rate. Therefore, the staffs do not face any kinds of problems while trying to wage interaction with the head office (Evans et al., 2017) The using of curiosity of the cultural awareness is also one of the important aspects of the multinational organization. Bilabong understood the customers well and that is why they prefer giving value to the written words rather than practicing the oral statements with the people coming from the low- cultural contexts and the people belong from high- cultural contexts they take information from the contexts of the messages, prefers indirectness and also ambiguity (Austin Pinkleton, 2015; Kinloch Metge, 2014) The clients who are working on behalf of the organization carries knowledge of curiosity of understanding people of different culture. Bilabong send its clients to the other parts of the world who are multilingual and can easily communicate to the nat ives regarding their feedbacks and using of the perfect communication skills. Both the organizations follow upward communication and downward communication. The upward communication consists of feedbacks from the employees and clients through the process of video conferencing or email procedures as mentioned before (Neves Eisenberger, 2012). These communications are thoroughly followed by the organizations. The organizations have the staffs from all around the world therefore, it is not very difficult to carry out communication on the basis of local languages with the customers while communicating with them (Suttle, 2014). Initially Bialbong faced numerous troubles in understanding the local languages of the domestic clients, understanding the requirements; they started recruiting the people from all around the world and now the flow of business have become quite smooth (Hackman Johnson, 2013; Hwang, 2012; Couldry, 2012; Hirst, Harrison Mazepa, 2014; Bull Borwn, 2012). Crown resorts maintain the different websites of the personal communication such as podc asts, blogs and also teleconferences which are acting as important strategies for carrying out the effective communication (Carbaugh, 2013; Landis Brislin, 2013; Bonvillain, 2013; Salminen Kankaanranta, 2012). Therefore, these are the important good practices of the company which are being practiced accordingly to make their workplace communication a better place. Therefore, in this, it is important for the mentioned multinational organization to carry out work forces in a very systematic ways and these strategies are important to carry out the various workforces in a much more effective manner (Matsumoto Hwang, 2013; Knapp, 2014). Future Strategies By utilizing the transmission model which describes the messages between sender and the decoder. The messages contain a relevant content and structure. The sender sends the message through a channel of communication and where the receiver responds to the messages to the sender. Therefore, in this respect, through the maintenance of the proper channel, the sender can send messages to the receiver; the receiver would decode the message and send the responds. However, the noises might create greater troubles such as mechanical troubles which already caused problems to the organization in terms of waging a proper communication. Hence, following this model properly, it is ensured that certain problems can be solved for the multinational organization (Liu, jin kuch, 2012). Timely communication to all staffs and client can happen through the certain strategies For Staffs: To maintain information with the staffs the organization must devise a solution based on social collaboration that gives the employees enter a communication based on single platform. This types of platform means that the work or sharing of information can be integrated through the productivity apps, which allows the communication to happen in a specific time which involves problem solving and decision making process from any parts of the world. Such as skype communication is another video conferencing app which can be utilized well by the company in order to come in contact with the staffs (Shokley, 2014; Miller Barbour, 2014). For clients: To maintain a timely communication to all clients, the video calls, the using of podcasts or blogs or the ratings can be best available for them to understand the receivers reaction. Even if they face any problems they can contact the head offices via the use of email or any other video conferencing. An online forum must be created separately for both staffs and clients so that they can share the workings with each other, they can work on the projects and also on the different floors of the various countries who are residing in the different time zones. Communication breakdown from top management to staff in the front line and vice versa It has been found from the front line staffs that they claim to receive the messages of the digital company. It has been stated that more than 60% of the front line staffs do not have a company email inbox and also most of them do not have access to intranet (Carbaugh, 2013; Landis Brislin, 2013; Bonvillain, 2013; Salminen Kankaanranta, 2012). Therefore to manage the better communication with the front line staff and top management, social platforms are necessary for carrying out higher quality application of mobile apps just to ensure the information of the company at every location through using tablet or smart phones. With the using of API, which connects the employees with the top management through only one platform and single log- in session. In this way both the management and the front line staffs are engaged in setting feedbacks and a communication can also happen vice versa. By sung the Communication Model of Barnlund, the sender and receiver are connected reciprocally. Feedbacks from Clients Feedbacks from clients are an important part of a communication model. It is the response that a sender is sending after receiving in the messages in the form of context and delivery of products. Therefore, response should be taken into account accordingly to maintain a healthy conversation and this also in turn would determine the quality of the products that their staffs are selling (Suttle, 2014). In this respect, proper feedbacks forms are necessary to reach out to the clients through the process of mailing system or rather distributing the survey forms from the shops from where they are buying. The questions in the feedbacks should be given in such a way that it is directly addressing the concerns of the customers regarding the quality of the equipments that they are using. In this way the multinational organization can easily follow the basic rules and regulations to address the customers feedback and work on the quality and services accordingly. In this aspect, concurrency con trol model can be utilized which would state about the negative and positive aspects of the messages based on the communication and how it would leave an impact on the workings of the organization (Suttle, 2014). Issues of Local Language: Issues of local language poses important threats to the shops of a foreign based company. The multinational organization must recruit staffs from the countries of Vietnam, India and Nigeria so that the people of those countries can interact with the people well and help the organization to sell the products. In this case, the organization must start recruiting more regional staffs more to improve the system of the communication (Salminen Kankaanranta, 2012) Other than this, the foreign based staffs can also learn the local languages in order to keep proper contact with the customers of that particular country. Therefore, it is important to for the multinational organization to give training to the foreign based staff as well to learn local languages in order to communicate with the customers properly. Language barrier is actually a factor which causes much social problems and misunderstandings to understand the relevancy of the multinational companies (Salm inen Kankaanranta, 2012). Cross Cultural Communications: The cross cultural communications include the concepts of the low context and high context. The high context people talks about those who believe in many unspoken knowledge and they can be transferred through the means of communication. The people from the countries such as Saudi Arabia gives importance to a longer term relations and also loyalty, also the fewer rules which needs to be structured properly (Matsumoto Hwang, 2013). Low Context states about a lots of information which is exchanged in an explicit manner and nothing much implicit or hidden. People who belong to low context cultures belong from United Kingdom who believed in the relationships based on short term, follows rules and regulations closely and they are basically task oriented (Matsumoto Hwang, 2013). In order to understand whether the colleagues of the organization are high context or low context which would further helps the organization to adopt the style of communication and also construct stronger relations with the customers? There are certain misunderstandings which evolved out of exchanging information with the customers and also shorter contacts because of the less availability of the information provided. People from lower context, the organization can provide the meanings more explicitly. To understand the wants about the people from higher and low context culture, it is important for the organization can conduct the cross-cultural training programs which incorporate the waging of communication across the cultures and also getting involved to manage the international teams who are working in the other parts of the world. Addressing Digital Illiteracy and Limited using of social media: In the countries like, Vietnam, Oman and Nigeria, the communication problems are causing greater barriers for the people and also for the head office to address the problems accordingly (Matsumoto Hwang, 2013). The social media is restricted in these kinds of environment where maximum is government regulated. Therefore, in this regard, there have been partial benefits provided to the MNC and its branches to deal with the difficulties of communication with the clients. Also in terms of digital literacy, Countries like Nigeria is lacking behind, in terms of the digital literacy. Therefore in this context, the Company in order to make its communication smooth, the companies in these countries can make different pamphlets, and offering discount coupons and survey reviews would enable the company to flourish more through the traditional basis of communication (Matsumoto Hwang, 2013). Conclusions and Implications: To conclude, it could be stated that the MNC must utilize the future strategies to work on the levels of the communication. The communication barriers are the important characteristics when it comes to the working of the Multi National Company in the other parts of the world. Therefore, the MNC must take care of the different strategies and work on the communication link with the other staffs residing in the other parts of the earth. The useful lessons which can be derived from the topic is that how the other companies address the issues of the communication. The other two organizations of Australia improved on its communication models and applied them accordingly. However, the MNC in order to make its business flourish, certain models and strategies as mentioned in the report has to be used. The topic teaches the importance of the communication which needs to be take place in the workplace and en effective communication would rather carry out positive vide and success to the working s of the organizations. Through the utilization of the different models, the company can specify the workings of the company and make the environment of the company amicable. References Austin, E. W., Pinkleton, B. E. (2015).Strategic public relations management: Planning and managing effective communication campaigns(Vol. 10). Routledge. Retrieved:,+E.+W.,+%26+Pinkleton,+B.+E.+(2015).+Strategic+public+relations+management:+Planning+and+managing+effective+communication+campaigns(Vol.+10).+Routledge.ots=_WtMSFTEnisig=2VDK-2Y7yn48QULZTkhXteAThZ4redir_esc=y#v=onepageqf=false Bonvillain, N. (2013).Language, culture, and communication. Pearson Higher Ed. Bull, M., Brown, T. (2012). Change communication: the impact on satisfaction with alternative workplace strategies.Facilities,30(3/4), 135-151. Carbaugh, D. (2013).Cultural communication and intercultural contact. Routledge. Retrieved:,+D.+(2013).+Cultural+communication+and+intercultural+contact.+Routledge.ots=IPnDD108JNsig=ooh5k3XQlzyjoH4Krwu9W2KKKZMredir_esc=y#v=onepageq=Carbaugh%2C%20D.%20(2013).%20Cultural%20communication%20and%20intercultural%20contact.%20Routledge.f=false Couldry, N. (2012).Media, society, world: Social theory and digital media practice. Polity. Retrieved:,+N.+(2012).+Media,+society,+world:+Social+theory+and+digital+media+practice.+Polity.%5Cots=MxSvVGQNTIsig=AGDR8XTwMM_zDwxiOPSCXZj77-sredir_esc=y#v=onepageq=Couldry%2C%20N.%20(2012).%20Media%2C%20society%2C%20world%3A%20Social%20theory%20and%20digital%20media%20practice.%20Polity.%5Cf=false Dasgupta, S. A., Suar, D., Singh, S. (2012). Impact of managerial communication styles on employees attitudes and behaviours.Employee Relations,35(2), 173-199. Retrieved: Eisenberg, E. M., Goodall Jr, H. L., Trethewey, A. (2013).Organizational communication: Balancing creativity and constraint. Macmillan Higher Education. Evans, D. R., Hearn, M. T., Uhlemann, M. R., Ivey, A. E. (2017).Essential interviewing: A programmed approach to effective communication. Nelson Education. Retrieved: Goetsch, D. L., Davis, S. B. (2014).Quality management for organizational excellence. Upper Saddle River, NJ: pearson. Hackman, M. Z., Johnson, C. E. (2013).Leadership: A communication perspective. Waveland Press. Hirst, M., Harrison, J., Mazepa, P. (2014).Communication and new media: From broadcast to narrowcast. Oxford University Press. Hwang, K. (2013). Effects of the language barrier on processes and performance of international scientific collaboration, collaborators participation, organizational integrity, and interorganizational relationships.Science Communication,35(1), 3-31. Kinloch, P., Metge, J. (2014).Talking past each other: problems of cross cultural communication. Victoria University Press. Knapp, M. L., Vangelisti, A. L., Caughlin, J. P. (2014).Interpersonal communication human relationships. Pearson Higher Ed. Knapp, M. L., Vangelisti, A. L., Caughlin, J. P. (2014).Interpersonal communication human relationships. Pearson Higher Ed. Landis, D., Brislin, R. W. (Eds.). (2013).Handbook of intercultural training: Issues in training methodology(Vol. 116). Elsevier. Retreived :,+D.,+%26+Brislin,+R.+W.+(Eds.).+(2013).+Handbook+of+intercultural+training:+Issues+in+training+methodology+(Vol.+116).+Elsevier.ots=fcdSWk2GJcsig=Le22rVazbuk2XFrW6gAahWtKKncredir_esc=y#v=onepageqf=false Liu, B. F., Jin, Y., Briones, R., Kuch, B. (2012). Managing turbulence in the blogosphere: Evaluating the blog-mediated crisis communication model with the American Red Cross.Journal of Public Relations Research,24(4), 353-370. Louhiala-Salminen, L., Kankaanranta, A. (2012). Language as an issue in international internal communication: English or local language? If English, what English?.Public Relations Review,38(2), 262-269. Matsumoto, D., Hwang, H. C. (2013). Assessing cross-cultural competence: A review of available tests.Journal of cross-cultural psychology,44(6), 849-873. Miller, K., Barbour, J. (2014).Organizational communication: Approaches and processes. Nelson Education. Neves, P., Eisenberger, R. (2012). Management communication and employee performance: The contribution of perceived organizational support.Human Performance,25(5), 452-464. Retrieved: Rajhans, K. (2012). Effective organizational communication: A key to employee motivation and performance.Interscience Management Review,2(2), 81-85. Richmond, V. P., McCroskey, J. C., Powell, L. (2012).Organizational communication for survival. Pearson Higher Ed. Shockley-Zalabak, P. (2014).Fundamentals of organizational communication. Pearson. Suttle, R. (2014). The Importance of Customers Feedback.Small Business driven by Demand Media (referenced September 19th 2014). Available on https://smallbusiness. chron. com/importance-customer-feedback-2089. html Top,42. Ulmer, R. R., Sellnow, T. L., Seeger, M. W. (2013).Effective crisis communication: Moving from crisis to opportunity. Sage Publications.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Six Modes of Documentary Essay Example

Six Modes of Documentary Essay In this essay I intend to outline six modes of documentary as implied in Nichols text, giving each a definition and expanding on how each mode applies to an example of a documentary that is, as far as possible, mentioned in the text. Then focusing on one documentary film in particular detailing on how the film relates to the relevant mode of documentary. Firstly, the six modes implied in Nichols are as far as I can make out are as follows; after a brief introduction the text begins the first of these modes – the expository mode describing the documentary is an agreement between the filmmaker and the audience and referring the documentary as ‘a rhetorical form: a form based, however loosely, on the construction of an argument for or against something’. In the section John Grierson is mentioned as founder of the British documentary film movement; a notable film of this pioneering filmmaker is ‘housing problems’ in which the problems of post-war British slum housing was to be replaced by modern flats. This film very much epitomises the exploratory mode with an ‘old school’ narrator throughout interspersed with interviews (partly participative mode) from residents of the slums there is then the middle section showing scaled models of the new intended re-housing (it is in this section that the gas company is mentioned that designed heating and also commissioned the film); the same people are then interviewed in their new homes saying how much of an improvement their living conditions have become. The text then discusses the observational mode further expanding this style as ‘recording ‘real life’ as lived in front of the ‘candid’ camera or recalled by testimony’. In this mode varies little or no intervention between the filmmaker and the audience. An example of this would be the groundbreaking ‘Nanook of the North’ (Flaherty 1922) observing a family of Eskimos fighting against the extreme conditions of their en We will write a custom essay sample on Six Modes of Documentary specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Six Modes of Documentary specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Six Modes of Documentary specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Irene Diary Entry free essay sample

Due to the death of the director the new director has asked me to assist the investigators and inform the authorities hat well kindly co-operate in anyway although we cant tolerate any major disruption, even though I was concerned about the investigation and how it was putting me behind my work and out Of my place he assured me that will still have my spot after it clears up. Today at Gotcha went up to the top to watch the launch again like usually do looking up at the sky made me feel unfortunate, knowing I wouldnt be able to go up there myself and knowing that the only trip I would be able to take in space is around the sun on the titillate due to what they call unacceptable likelihood of heart failure even though I was genetically engineered there were flaws.I wonder what it would be like if didnt have heart failure and my genetically engineering was successful, I would have been able to a lot more and I guess Working at Gotcha would be different too. We will write a custom essay sample on Irene Diary Entry or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Today was different though as I was walking Jerome came up behind me letting me know he was there by saying l see Im not the only one who looks up every time theres a launch we started talking bout the director and how he had tried to cancel his flight a couple of times. Old Jerome that had him sequenced and read his file I also told him about me having a likelihood of heart failure considering he thought was engineered like the rest of them. I gave him a strand of my hair so he can get me sequenced but he let it go saying the wind blew it. That night I was picking up Jerome to go watch the man with twelve fingers play his piece on the piano, it was quite extraordinary to watch him play, Jerome caught one of his gloves after and passed it to me, it was a lovely gesture.A few nights later we went out again it was not how I expected it to go at all it started of lovely but as the night went on the investigators came and everything changed, I had to run and it was very tiring, dont thi nk I have every run so much in my life I told him that I couldnt run that much and he replied with You just did. I was quite frightened in the ally way standing with Vincent but he kind of calmed me down.